To describe all grape varieties, which number about 14 thousand, would need a whole book. But we will consider only the most popular ones, those without which modern winemaking would be poorer, and the taste of the usual wine would change beyond recognition. After all, these fragile berries and set the “character” of the future drink.
RED WINE AND ITS VARIETY.
Cabernet Sauvignon has an easily recognizable bouquet and taste of nightshade or morocco. The distinctive features are the aromas of black currant, olives, tobacco and chocolate. Homeland grapes – Medoc (French Bordeaux). Its vines are successfully cultivated in other regions: Australia, Africa, New Zealand and the USA. The drink, almost always, is complemented by a blend of different varieties.
Merlot is a smaller brother of Cabernet Sauvignon, with a lower concentration of tannins and currant flavors. The bouquet is complemented by the scent of roses and ripe plums. Although the acidity of Merlot wines is less, but the strength is higher. Vine – unpretentious, amenable to cultivation even in temperate climates. Popular in Italy, Australia and Eastern Europe.
Pinot Noir or Pinot Fran. The grapes are used to produce good champagne or high-quality table wines. Bouquet: cranberries, strawberries, raspberries, roses. Successfully cultivated in France (Champagne, Alsace), Germany and Austria.
Cabernet Franc is an excellent addition to the Cabernet Sauvignon. This duo gives excellent earthy wines with a bright aroma of currants.
Due to its variety of varieties, red wine is particularly popular in Kazakhstan.
WHITE WINE AND ITS VARIETY.
Chardonnay is the most popular variety in Italy, France, America, Georgia and Argentina. The variety is very popular in all corners of the world due to its taste, which does not change on different soils. Bouquet: melon, pear, apple, pineapple, vanilla, minerals. Homeland – French Burgundy.
Sauvignon The harvest of this vine is used not only for the production of table wines, but also as part of champagne and brandy. Homeland – Bordeaux. Aromas: cut grass, gooseberry and beans. Often, drinks from Sauvignon are heavy, and the alcohol content is about 13%.
Pinot Blanc. The drink is light, lively and at the same time memorable. In the aftertaste guessed notes of apples and oily fruits. Enough simple variety. The main field of application is the production of table wines.
Riesling is a late and naughty grape. The bouquet consists of green apples, citrus, honey and fried bread. Mainly grown in Germany and Alsace.
Muscat Vintage used for the production of dessert wines. Cultivated in the southern regions. A unique variety from which wine is prepared with the aroma of the grapes themselves.
If you are interested in wine sorts, then you can read more in our previous publication.